Camping is an essential component of almost all adventure trips. To control its aftermaths, a legislation is, therefore, required. Recently, Local Government New Zealand (LGNZ, http://www.lgnz.co.nz/) and The New Zealand Responsible Camping Forum (NZRCF at http://www.tianz.org.nz/main/nz-freedom-camping-forum/), for instance, developed the Freedom Camping Bill (http://www.doc.govt.nz/upload/documents/about-doc/role/legislation/freedom-camping-bill-cabinet-paper.pdf) to reduce the associated problems, such as litter and human waste. The Bill defines the current problem as follows:
“Freedom camping is considered to be camping away from designated camp sites, in places such as some rest areas, reserves, and beaches. Freedom camping can include camping in a caravan, bus, car, tent, campervan or other temporary structure, by both tourists and domestic travellers.”
The Bill will help in managing various camping areas located across the country. The Bill proposes the following measures to reduce freedom camping related problems:
- A penalty (infringement fee) of $200.00 towards an infringement offence that means “a person is found camping in an area where camping is not permitted.”
- The Department of Conservation (DOC) and local authorities may display camping restriction notices, such as Freedom Camping, Restricted Camping and Prohibited Camping. Develop standardized signage for the notices.
NZRCF was set up by the Tourism Industry Association New Zealand (TIA) in 2007 to improve management of vehicle-based freedom camping.