About one fourth of foreign expeditions (24.47% | 46) were joint mountaineering expeditions that had climbers from more than one country. The number of these multi-country expeditions increased from eight in 2010 to twelve in 2012, an increase of 50%. However, the number fell by 25% in 2013, and 9.9% in the next year.
Joint Mountaineering Expeditions’ Share
The share of joint expeditions in annual number of foreign expeditions varied from 19.51% in 2014 to 32.43% in 2012.
Peaks per Expeditions
More than 90% expeditions were 1-peak expeditions. Only 6.52% expeditions were 2-peak expeditions and just one expedition (2.17%) was 5-peak expedition. In 2011, Indo-US expedition successfully climbed five peaks in Jammu and Kashmir in sixty-two days. In the same year, JK also recorded two 2-peak expeditions. One was joint venture of Austria and Switzerland and other one was Indo-Spanish. In 2013, Australia and USA organized a joint 2-peak expedition to unnamed peaks in Jammu and Kashmir.
Countries per Expedition
More than four fifth joint expeditions (80.43% | 37) were two-country expeditions and the remaining were three-country expeditions. The former were organized every year during the study period. However, the latter were organized for four years from 2011 to 2014.
Share of 4 Himalayan States in Multi-Country Expeditions
Jammu and Kashmir received the highest number of multi-country expeditions (58.70% | 27), followed by Uttarakhand (26.09% | 12), and Himachal Pradesh (13.04% | 6). All three states received expeditions every year.
Foreign vs Indo-Foreign Multi-Country Expeditions
Slightly more than 65% joint expeditions were foreign and the remaining were Indo-foreign. All five years witnessed both types of expeditions.
The number of Indo-foreign expeditions did not register any change from 2011 to 2013.
Countries that Organized Joint Mountaineering Expeditions
Twenty-two (22) countries organized forty-six (46) expeditions and made fifty-three (53) attempts on forty-one (41) peaks.
India (16), USA (13), Germany (13), and Switzerland (12) were top four countries that collaborated the most with other countries for climbing expeditions.
41 Peaks Attempted by Joint Mountaineering Expeditions
22 Countries that Organized Joint Expeditions
46 joint expeditions spent more than four years (1,492 days) in the Indian Himalayas. Average expedition duration was the shortest (29.25 days) in 2014 and the longest (36.17 days) in 2012.
Status of Expeditions
Unsuccessful expeditions (21 | 45.65%) were more than the successful expeditions (20 | 43.48%). Success rate was the highest (55.56%) in 2011, followed by 2014 (50%) and 2013 (44.44%).