Considering preferences of top four adventurous states of the country, Himachal Pradesh accounted for the largest share of the domestic mountaineering business during 2010-14. The state performed better than its three Himalayan counter parts in six parameter categories although it accounts for just 10.43% of the Indian Himalayan region.
1. Peaks Attempted
The first performance parameter category is number of peaks attempted in each Himalayan state. The four most adventurous states- West Bengal, Maharashtra, Delhi, and Uttarakhand- attempted 179 peaks in the five-year study period.
Out of these over seventy peaks (72 | 40.22%) are in Himachal Pradesh, more than sixty (62 | 34.64%) are in Uttarakhand. The four-state mountaineers selected just forty-one peaks (41 | 22.91%) from the Jammu and Kashmir mountains
that comprise 41.65% of the Indian Himalayan region. Only two peaks (2 | 1.12%) in Sikkim invited attention of the mountaineers.
2. Mountaineering Expedition Duration
The top four-states of mountaineers spent at least 7,109 days (19.48 years) in four Himalayan states during the 5-year study period. More
than half of these mountaineering days (3705 | 52.12%) were spent in Himachal Pradesh. Uttarakhand that accounts for only 10.02% of the Indian Himalayan region hosted the mountaineers from top four states for 2,127 days (29.92%).
Jammu and Kashmir recorded mountaineering travel of 1,171 days (16.47%).
The mountaineers from top four states spent just seventy-four days (1.04%) in Sikkim that makes 1.33% of the Indian Himalayan region.
Average expedition duration was the highest (37 days) for Sikkim, followed by Jammu and Kashmir (28.56 days), and Uttarakhand (27.99 days).
Average duration for expeditions to Himachal Pradesh was the shortest (26.28 days). This could be one of the reasons of its popularity among Indian mountaineers.
3. Number of Expeditions
The climbers from top four states organized 261 expeditions to four Indian Himalayan states. More than half of expeditions (141 | 54.02%) went to Himachal Pradesh. Uttarakhand received the second highest number of expeditions (76 | 29.12%), followed by Jammu and Kashmir (41 | 15.71%) and Sikkim (2 | 0.77%).
3.1 Peak Providing States’ Share in Indian Himalayan Region vs Number of Expeditions and Peaks
I have collected data about share of five states in the Indian Himalayan region from Environment Information System (ENVIS) Center on Himalayan Ecology.
The comparison revealed that there was no direct relationship between area of the mountainous part of the peak providing states and the number of expeditions organized and peaks attempted. However, Sikkim was the exception. Sikkim with the lowest share of the Indian Himalayan region received the lowest number of expeditions that attempted lowest number of peaks in the state.
Another interesting revelation was that Himalayan area of HP is just 41 basis points (1% is equal to 100 basis points) more than that of Uttarakhand. But HP received about 86% more expeditions than Uttarakhand.
4. Number of Attempts
The mountaineers from top four states made 307 attempts on 179 peaks in 261 expeditions. On this count, Himachal Pradesh with 162 attempts (52.77%) was the winner. Uttarakhand ranked second (84 attempts | 27.36%), followed by Jammu and Kashmir (57 attempts | 18.57%) and Sikkim (2 attempts | 0.65%).
5. Success Rate
I have analyzed success rate from three perspectives:
State-specific Success Rate = (Number of Successful Expeditions to a State / Total Expeditions to the State)*100
E.g. State-specific Success Rate-HP = (74/141)*100
Overall Success Rate = (Number of Successful Expeditions to a State / Total Expeditions to Four Himalayan States)*100
E.g. Overall Success Rate-HP = (74/261)*100
Success Share = (Number of Successful Expeditions to a State / Total Successful Expeditions to Four Himalayan States)*100
E.g. Success Share-HP = (74/135)*100
Comparison of state-specific success rate of expeditions organized by top four states threw a surprise. Sikkim emerged as the topper because all expeditions to the state were successful. Uttarakhand with success rate of 52.63% scored the second position. Himachal Pradesh with 52.48% success rate was pushed to the third position. The success rate of expeditions to Jammu and Kashmir was less than fifty percent.
On the basis of overall success rate, HP topped (28.35%), followed by Uttarakhand (15.33%), JK (7.28%), and Sikkim (0.77%).
In terms of success share, Himachal Pradesh with 74 successful expeditions (54.81%) again emerged as the number one. Uttarakhand with 40 successful expeditions (28.63%) was the first runner up and Jammu and Kashmir with 19 successful expeditions (14.07%) was the second runner up.
6. Annual Expedition Rate vs Peak Rate
Himachal Pradesh recorded the highest annual expedition rate (28.2) and peak rate (14.4). Uttarakhand registered the second highest expedition (15.2) and peak (12.4) rates.
These annual rates (8.2) were same in the case of Jammu and Kashmir.
Both the rates for Sikkim were less than one.