West Bengal is the most adventurous state of India, followed by Maharashtra, Delhi, and Uttarakhand.
Analysis of mountaineering data of five years from 2010 to 2014 revealed the above fact. Here is the comparison of these top hard adventure activity enthusiasts:
Number of Peaks vs Number of Attempts
West Bengal performed better than other top three states of mountaineers in terms of number of peaks attempted, number of attempts made, number of expeditions organized, and number of days spent in the Indian Himalayas.
The four toppers attempted 179 peaks in four Himalayan states. West Bengal (99 Peaks | 55.31%) and Maharashtra (41 Peaks | 22.91%) loved Himachal Pradesh peaks the most, whereas the first preference of Delhi (30 Peaks | 16.76%) and Uttarakhand (9 Peaks | 5.03%) climbers was peaks in Uttarakhand. Neither of these states except West Bengal selected peaks from the Sikkim Himalayas.
19 Peaks Shared 7 Top Spots
Out of 179 peaks 136 were unique peaks. Nineteen peaks (19 | 13.97%) out of these unique peaks satisfied the definition of a top peak.
Out of these 19 peaks two peaks scored first spot: Unnamed-6113 (Yunam) and Deo Tibba. Hanuman Tibba I did not have competition for the second spot. Three peaks competed for third spot: Chandra Bhaga (CB) 13, Menthosa, and Chamser Kangri.
Bhagirathi II was the only contender for fourth spot. Fifth spot went two peaks: Manirang and Koa Rong Range (KR) II.
Four peaks shared sixth top spot: Fluted, Kamet, Rudugaira, and Lungser Kangri.
Seventh spot was shared by six peaks: Indrasan, Nun, Kun, Thelu, Satopanth, and Chandra Bhaga (CB) 14.
So, in fact, 19 peaks scored seven top spots on the basis of number of total attempts.
Eighty nine (89 | 65.44%) peaks were attempted just once and twenty eight (28 | 20.59%) peaks were attempted 2-4 times.
Preferred Peak Altitude
In aggregate terms, top four states preferred peaks from 6,000-6,499 meter altitude category. Out of 261 expeditions 153 (58.62%) expeditions belonged to this category. But this is skewed because West Bengal contributed 113 expeditions to peaks in this category. The most preferred peak altitude of West Bengal and Maharahstra was also 6,000-6,499 meter. However, the first preference of Delhi and Uttarakhand was taller peaks falling in 6,500-6,999 meter category.
Number of Expeditions
West Bengal accounted for lion’s share of total expeditions organized by top four states. In fact, West Bengal organized more than 68% (177) expeditions of the total, whereas the other three together organized just 32% (84) expeditions. Or, we can say that other three states organized less than 50% of the total expeditions organized by West Bengal.
Given the number of expeditions, Himachal Pradesh was the favorite mountaineering destination of West Bengal and Maharashtra. Uttarakhand was the favorite destination of Delhi and Uttarakhand.
Peaks per Expedition
Top 4 states of mountaineers preferred 1-peak expeditions (221 | 84.67%). The second preferred type of expedition was 2-peak expedition (35 | 13.41%). Uttarakhand mountaineers organized only 1-peak expeditions, whereas 91.18% (31) expeditions from Delhi were 1-peak expeditions, 84.18% (149) expeditions from West Bengal were 1-peak expeditions, and 76.32% (29) expeditions from Maharashtra were 1-peak expeditions.
Annual Expedition Rate vs Peak Rate
West Bengal organized about three expeditions per month on an average during the study period, whereas other three states did not organized even one (1) expedition per month.
Expedition peak ratio was 1.92:1.
West Bengal and Maharashtra spent the most time in exploring Himachal Pradesh peaks, whereas Delhi and Uttarakhand spent maximum number of mountaineering days in Uttarakhand.
West Bengal (15.30%), Maharashtra (19.5%), and Delhi (24.74%) spent less than one fourth of total days spent on mountaineering in Jammu and Kashmir during the study period. Uttarakhand did not venture into Jammu and Kashmir at all.
West Bengal spent 4,965 days (13.65 Years) climbing peaks in the Indian Himalayas. More than 60% of which were spent in exploring peaks in Himachal Pradesh.
Maharashtra spent 1,000 days on mountaineering. Delhi explored the Himalayan peaks for 873 days, whereas Himalayan state Uttarakhand explored the peaks for just 271 days.
On an average, West Bengal took the highest time (28.05 days per expedition) to complete an expedition.
Uttarakhand was the fastest (22.58 days), followed by Delhi (25.68 days), and Maharashtra (26.32 days).
West Bengal took the longest time to complete expeditions to Sikkim (37 days per expedition), followed by expeditions to Jammu and Kashmir (30.40 days), and Uttarakhand (29.50 days).
Uttarakhand took the shortest time for an expedition, 12 days for an expedition to Himachal Pradesh.
Success Rate: Rank Reversal
While comparing expedition success rate, I found complete reversal in ranking of the first and the fourth top climber states. Uttarakhand, the fourth top state of mountaineers, became the top most state of the mountaineers.
Although mountaineers from West Bengal organized the highest number of expeditions, attempted the highest number of peaks, and spent the highest number of days in the Indian Himalayas, their expedition success rate was the second highest (50.85%).
On the other hand, mountaineers from Uttarakhand organized the lowest number of expeditions, attempted the lowest number of peaks, and spent the lowest number of days in the range, their success rate was the highest (75%).
Delhi maintained its third place. Success rate of expeditions from Delhi was the third highest (50%), but these expeditions were almost as successful as that from West Bengal.
The success rate of expeditions from Maharashtra was the lowest (42.11%). Maharashtra therefore slipped from its second place to the fourth place.
All expeditions from West Bengal to Sikkim were successful. Success rate of expeditions from West Bengal to Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh was more than 50%. Success rate of expeditions from West Bengal to Uttarakhand was slightly more than 40%.
Expeditions from Delhi were more successful in Uttarakhand (64.71%) and Himachal Pradesh (57.14%) than in Jammu and Kashmir (20%- the lowest among top 4 climber states).
Half of expeditions from Maharashtra to Jammu and Kashmir (50%) and Himachal Pradesh (50%) were successful. However, success rate of expeditions from Maharashtra to Uttarakhand was just 25%.
But, considering all the parameters, West Bengal is still the topper.