7 Interesting Facts about Himalaya

If you are reading and viewing TO ABHA, you must be smitten by the Himalaya and may like to know more and more about it. Here are a few interesting facts about the range that you may not know or may have forgotten: Mountain with Multiple Citizenship The Himalaya is …

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Do You Need Inner Line Permit for Nubra, Pangong, Tso Moriri?

Ladakh Inner Line Permit

Ladakh has reintroduced Inner Line Permit for Nubra, Pangong, Tso Moriri, and other protected areas in 2017. So all Indians wishing to travel to these areas shall get the permits from Deputy Collector’s (DC) office in Leh. Deputy Collector’s Office Timings for Permit: 10:00 am to 04:00 pm on working …

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What is a Landslide?

Neelima saw a slope full of boulders and debris from the window of Himsutra AC bus run by Himachal Pradesh Road Transport Corporation (HRTC) along Chandigarh-Mandi route.  She asked her friend who was sitting next to her what was that. The friend, replied that it was a landslide. Neelima asked …

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Grass and Jute Souvenirs from Chandigarh National Crafts’ Fair

What to shop at Chandigarh National Crafts' Fair

This gallery contains 3 photos.

Chandigarh hosts the National Crafts’ Fair every year. The event showcases crafts from across the country. Many of these boast personality of unique traditional souvenirs. For example, figures crafted from grasses and jute. These figures exude Indianness. Each figure uses homegrown material, grasses (bamboo, cane…) and jute. Each figure is …

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A Not-to-Miss Attraction for Your Nov-Dec Holiday in India

A Double Korean Orange Chrysanthemum from Chandigarh

Have a look at this postcard featuring an orange double Korean chrysanthemum from the annual chrysanthemum show held in Chandigarh. You should visit the show before starting your ski holiday in India to smell and enjoy these refreshing flowers.

A Rs. 2000 Note Can Buy You 20 Simple Meals

Rs 2000 Note, India

The new Indian Rs. 2,000 note may not pass a graphic design test because of ignoring the basic principles. For example, the note has too many fonts and misaligned elements. The basic layout grid is missing. Poor color choice…   Aesthetics may be missing but it can buy you simple …

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Survival Skill 6: How to Estimate Wind Speed by Observing Effect of Wind on Trees, Smoke…

Survival Skill 6: How to Estimate Wind Speed by Observing Effect of Wind on Trees, Smoke…

Wind shapes weather. And, if you understand the wind and its effect on the trees, smoke, water bodies, and other objects in an adventure destination, you can plan well and protect yourself. The Beaufort Scale lets you do this without any instrument. Remember the scale developed by Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort and interpret the wind in your next trip. Beaufort in fact has given the names to the wind according to the speed. Here is the scale:


S. No.
Name of Wind
Speed of Wind

Miles per hour (mph)
Kilometer per hour (kph)

Smoke, say from a fire made for cooking or chimney of forest rest house, moves up in straight line.
< 1
< 1

Smoke does not move up in straight line.
Light Air
1 – 3
1 – 5

Leaves rustle.

You can feel the wind on your face.

Light Breeze
4 – 7
6 -11

Small twigs and leaves move.

Thin flags rise and flutter.

Gentle Breeze
8 – 12
12 – 19

Small branches of trees move.

Loose paper sheets and dust rise.

Flags flap.

Moderate Breeze
13 – 18
20 – 29

Small trees laden with leaves sway.

Flags ripple.

Small waves form in lakes.

Fresh Breeze
19 – 24
30 – 39

Big branches of trees sway.

Flags beat.

Wind whistles through telegraph wires.

You cannot keep your umbrella open easily.

Strong Breeze
25 – 31
40 – 50

Whole trees move.

Walking is inconvenient.

Flags extend.

Near Gale / Moderate Gale
32 – 38
51 – 61

Small twigs break off the trees.

Walking against the wind is difficult.

Gale / Fresh Gale
39 – 46
62 – 74

Structural damage to buildings begins.
Strong Gale
47 – 54
75 – 87

Structural damages are considerable.

Trees are uprooted.

Windows break.

Storm / Full Gale
55 – 63
88 – 102

Damage is widespread.
Violent Storm
64 – 75
103 – 121

This wind flows at sea.

Foam and spray reduce visibility drastically.

Sea surface becomes white.

> 75

Survival Skill 5: How to Survive Leeches


Survival Skill 5: How to Survive Leeches

Survival Skill 5: How to Survive Leeches

A touch of mountain monsoons is refreshing. But trekking during monsoon has some downsides too. For example, leeches.  A leech annoys the host but it is not dangerous unless it bites into eyeballs, internal organs, and / or nose.

5-Step Action of Leech

Leech sticks to the skin, injects anesthetic and anticoagulant substances, sucks blood, becomes heavy, and falls. It generally takes about twenty minutes to complete these five actions. It leaves you bleeding because it releases hirudin that prevents clotting.

Because of the anesthetic substance, you will not feel the leech bite and may lose lots of blood loss that could be dangerous.

Dos and Don’ts

  • Do not use burning beedis or cigarettes to remove leech. If you do this, leech may vomit infection-causing bacteria from its gut into the bite area on your skin. It may burn your skin as well.
  • Do not pull the leech. Pulling may tear your skin. Bite of leech may remain in the skin.
  • Use your fingernails to push the narrow head of the leech sideways and remove it from the skin.
  • Apply vinegar, salt water, or salt to remove the leech.
  • After removing the leech, clean the wound with soap and water, Detol, Savlon, or any other antiseptic and dress it.
  • Apply cold compresses to treat swelling and pain.
  • If the wound is bleeding, apply constant pressure.

Prevention is better than cure. Is it not? To avoid leeches, take the following steps:

  • Tuck your trousers in your boots so that leeches may not crawl on your body.
  • Watch for leeches crawling on your body. Before they spring into action, brush them off. You may meet leeches in moist swampy places and during monsoon treks in the Himalayas.
  • Do not go into water, especially in the hometowns of leeches.
  • Do not swallow leeches accidently to avoid bowel irritations.
  • Be careful while relieving yourself in leech prone areas.
  • Soak tobacco leaves overnight and spray that water on your shoes and socks to keep leeches at bay. The water may smell.

Survival Skill 4: How to Survive Avalanche