In 1980, Indian mountaineering expeditions attempted sixty-one (61) peaks in the Indian Himalayas, whereas foreign expeditions attempted seventy-two (72) peaks. Only three (3) peaks were attempted by both foreign and Indian expeditions:
- Hanuman Tibba (Himachal Pradesh),
- Kedarnath Dome (Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand), and
- Mrigthuni (Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand).
Besides the above three peaks, foreign and Indian mountaineers preferred 18 other peaks out of total 130 peaks. Based on climbing frequency, Indian mountaineers preferred seven (7) peaks, whereas their foreign counter parts liked eleven (11) peaks.
Altitudinal profile of peaks selected for mountaineering expeditions
Altitude of more than 61% peaks attempted by foreign expeditions ranged from 6,050 to 7,049 meters. Altitude of about 51% peaks attempted by Indian mountaineers varied from 5,550 to 6,049 meters.
Both foreign and Indian mountaineers’ most preferred peak altitude range was 6,050-6,549 meters. About 36% peaks attempted by foreigners and about 28% peaks attempted by Indians were in this category.
Indian mountaineers preferred peaks from four altitudinal categories: 5,050-5,549 (11), 5,550-6,049 (14), 6,050-6,549 (17), and 6,550-7,049 (10).
Foreign mountaineers preferred two altitude categories: 6,050-6,549 (26) and 6,550-7,049 (18). Information about fifteen (15) peaks attempted by foreign mountaineers was not available. Foreigners did not attempt peaks equal to or taller than 7,550 meters. However, Indians attempted two peaks in 7,550-8,049 meter category.
Share of 4 states in total peaks attempted
Foreign expeditions attempted peaks in three Himalayan states: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand. On the demand side, there was a neck and neck race among these three states. The peak demand by the foreign expeditions in the states was almost equal in number.
Indian mountaineers booked peaks in four Himalayan states: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand, and Sikkim. The two states, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand, witnessed close competition in the domestic market.
Share of Himalayan states in peaks attempted by Indian mountaineers
Indian mountaineers selected maximum number of peaks (30 | 49.18%) from Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand. Himachal Pradesh was the second largest source of supply of the peaks attempted (24 | 39.34%). Surprisingly, Sikkim (6 | 10%) supplied more peaks attempted by Indians than Jammu and Kashmir (1 | 2%).
The altitudinal profile of the Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand peak repository selected by Indian climbers was the broadest. They chose peaks from five altitude categories:
- 6,050-6,549 meter (33.33%),
- 6,550-7,049 meter (23.33%),
- 4,550-5,049 meter (10%),
- 5,550-6,049 meter (10%), and
- 7,050-7,549 meter (10%).
Altitude of six peaks in Sikkim ranged from 5,550-7,049 meters.
Share of Himalayan states in peaks selected by foreign mountaineers
Himachal Pradesh accounted for the highest number of peaks (25 | 35%) attempted by foreigners, followed by Jammu and Kashmir (24 | 33%) and Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand ( 23 | 32%). Foreign demand for peaks located in Sikkim was zero.
Foreign mountaineers selected 15 peaks from 6,550-7,049 meter category in Uttar Pradesh / Uttarakhand. They preferred 6,050-6,549 meter peaks (14) in Jammu and Kashmir.