Survival Skill 3: First Aid for Frostbite
If frostbite falls for you, engage with first aid as fast as you can. Frostbite is a freezing cold injury. If the injury is ignored, the patient may lose the affected part. The frostbite patient, therefore, shall
- Go to a warm place that is not exposed to the wind. A warm place means a place that has normal room temperature i.e. approximately 17-22 degree Celsius / 64-73 degree Fahrenheit.
- Stop further body heat loss.
- Remove wet clothes.
- Remove clothes, accessories, or anything else that is obstructing blood circulation.
- Wear dry warm clothes.
- Not change clothes in the outdoors.
- Cover the head.
- Never apply direct heat or hot water.
- Use warm compresses, clean warm clothes, or blankets for frozen and other parts of the body. Keep the body warm until things become normal or medical advice is sought.
- Use the warm part of the body to warm the affected part. For example, if the nose is affected, use the warm hands to warm the nose.
- Not use cigarettes to warm himself/herself.
- Not rub the affected part.
- Not stay outdoors.
- Not apply snow or ice.
- Not use cold water to unfreeze the affected part.
- Handle the affected parts gently.
- Consume warm beverages excluding alcohol.
- Find professional medical help as soon as possible.