Dharamsala (Dharamshala), headquarter of Kangra District in Himachal Pradesh, India, is located on one of the spurs of the Dhauladhar Range. The name Dharamshala is also used for other administrative units, including town, tehsil, subdivision, municipality, hill station, forest division, development block and nagar parishad (council) in the district.
The town is divided into three parts: Upper Dharamsala, Gangchen Kyishong and Lower Dharamsala. Upper Dharamsala consists of Bhagsu, Naddi, Dharmkot, Dal Lake, Cantonment, Forsyth Ganj and McLeod Ganj. Gangchen Kyishong features the Central Tibetan Administration (C.T.A.) Complex. Lower Dharamsala comprises Kotwali Bazaar, Civil Lines and adjacent areas.
The town altitude varies from 1,500-1,900 meters (4,950- 6,270 feet). The monsoon (June to September) brings heavy rainfall to the hill station nestled on the windward side of the range because of orographic effect. The average rainfall exceeds 1,900 mm. Dharamsala, in fact, experiences the highest rainfall in the state. The mountains hide in clouds during the season. The rain encourages green life, ensuring luxuriant woods on the slopes and in the valleys. The wet temperate forests feature chir (Pinus roxburghii), kail (Pinus wallichiana), deodar, ban oak (Quercus species), silver fir (Abies pindrow) and bamboo groves.
However, there are downsides of the rain. Landslides may occur and block the roads. Seepage may spoil the hotel room walls and ceilings especially at the top floors. Not many tourists go there. That is why, the hotels offer big discounts.